A guide to the types of therapy offered at EverMind

Psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, is a type of mental health treatment that involves discussing troubling thoughts, emotions and situations with a psychotherapist so they can support you problem solve, alleviate psychological distress, and generally help you to live your best life.

Who benefits from psychotherapy?

Everyone! However big or small, problems can sometimes become overwhelming when grappling with them alone. A psychotherapist can support you through challenging times as well as through ongoing psychological issues. Psychotherapy helps people to understand and change the thoughts, emotions and behaviours that contribute to their life problems, or mental illness. It can also help people cope with specific events like major illness, the death of a loved one, a stressful job, or relationship issues by teaching people coping techniques, problem solving skills and ways to feel good about themselves and enjoy life. Plus, as there are so many different types of therapy practiced by different psychotherapists, there will always be something, somehow and someone for everyone, and EverMind would like to help find the right person and therapy for you.

Which type of therapy is for me?

Psychotherapists may specialise in a specific methods or a range of methods so when choosing your therapist, have a look at which therapies are included in their profile and see if they fit with what you are looking for. There are so many different therapeutic methods it can be hard to know where to start! So we thought we’d help by providing a mini “dictionary” to give you the feel of what’s on offer at EverMind. Check out the descriptions below.

Brief Therapy

Brief therapies

Brief therapies, also known as “short-term therapies,” tend to focus on a client’s specific problem and help them to use their own natural resources to gain new perspectives on their situation. An example of a brief therapy is CBT in contrast to a more long-term therapy such as psychoanalysis. During brief therapy sessions the therapist works proactively with the client to help them break out of limited viewpoints and see the wider context of their problem with psychotherapeutic tools.

Who can this help?

Someone looking for help with a particular problematic situation they are facing. It may not be as appropriate for treating more severe, long term psychological issues but can help people avoid relapses and maintain mental health.

Who can this help?

SFBT focuses on present problems and not on past experiences or behaviours so clients who are seeking guidance through a specific challenge will benefit from SFBT more than those looking for more long-term treatment for ongoing psychological issues.

Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies

Behavioural therapy is an umbrella term for talking therapies based on the theory that learnt behaviour in response to past experiences can be unlearnt or changed, without focusing on the cause of the original behaviour.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

This popular therapy combines an examination into the client’s cognition - how they think, with their behaviour - what they do. Exploring these together provides insights into how thoughts, beliefs and attitudes affect feelings and behaviour. The therapist can then teach clients particular coping skills for dealing with the problems they face in their life. Cognitive behavioural therapists understand that by changing the way we think and act in the here-and-now we can improve the way we feel.

Who can this help?

CBT is one of the most common treatments for a range of mental health problems, from anxiety, depression, bipolar, OCD to schizophrenia.

Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT)

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is a form of behavioural therapy that combines mindfulness skills with the practice of self-acceptance. Through this method clients are encouraged to accept their thoughts and feelings rather than fight them or feel guilty for having them. Commitment is vital in accepting thoughts and feelings, as clients must commit to using techniques to help them face problems rather than avoid them. ACT emphasises values such as forgiveness, acceptance, compassion, living in the present moment, and accessing a transcendental sense of self whilst still based on empirical science.

Who can this help?

ACT has been proven to be effective for a diverse range of clinical conditions, e.g. depression, OCD, workplace stress, chronic pain, the stress of terminal cancer, anxiety, PTSD, anorexia, drug abuse, and even schizophrenia, and helping to cope with medical conditions. It is also effective as a life-affirming and inspirational perspective of self-determination.

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), but in addition to helping the client change unhelpful ways of thinking and behaving as CBT does, DBT also focuses on helping the client to accept who they are at the same time.  “Dialectical” means understanding that two seemingly opposite ideas can both be true simultaneously. In DBT this means the client learns to accept themselves whilst changing their behaviour. DBT teaches that it's possible to achieve both these goals together. The DBT therapist supports the client to understand and accept difficult feelings and helps them to develop skills and strategies to manage them and make positive changes in their life. 

Who can this help?

DBT is often used to help people with depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorders, addictions, eating disorder, and PTSD. It is a behavioural therapy that has been specially adapted for people who feel emotions very intensely.

Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT)

Compassion focused therapy (CFT) is a psychological therapy that was originally developed to help people who experience high shame and self-criticism leading to depression and anxiety. In CFT the therapist aim’s to help the client to consciously develop more compassion towards themselves and others. CFT is used alone or often alongside other therapies such as CBT to help the client understand negative thinking patterns. Compassion-focused therapy can teach the client the ability to self-soothe and alleviate feelings of low self-worth.

Who can this help?

This therapy is especially useful for people who experience low self worth and struggle with feelings of shame and self-criticism.

Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT)

Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) is a form of cognitive behavioural therapy that helps people identify irrational beliefs and negative thought patterns that may lead to emotional or behavioural issues. REBT focuses on the present to help the client understand their unhelpful thinking and subsequent self-defeating/self-sabotaging emotions and behaviours. The therapist then uses a practical approach to transform negative thoughts and actions into more positive ones.  REBT was developed on the basis that people generally want to lead a positive life but irrational thoughts and feelings get in the way.

Who can this help? 

REBT can be particularly helpful for people living with a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, addiction, phobias, overwhelming feelings of anger, guilt, or rage, procrastination, disordered eating habits, aggression, and sleep problems.  This is a short-term therapy that helps to overcome adversity and achieve goals. 

Prolonged Exposure Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (PE-DBT)

PE-DBT/ DBT-PE is a 3 stage protocol developed to specifically treat high-risk patients with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Prolonged Exposure therapy was adapted to fit the needs of the PTSD client who is being treated with Dialectical Behavioural Therapy. DBT with the DBT PE protocol is a comprehensive treatment designed to help these individuals recover from trauma and build lives they feel are worth living. The protocol works by helping clients to confront their trauma instead of avoiding it in order to successfully process it. 

Who can this help? 

PE has been shown to significantly reduce the symptoms of PTSD, depression, anger, and anxiety in trauma survivors. It has also been helpful to those suffering from associated substance abuse. 

Personality-Guided Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy 

In this relatively new form of cognitive-behavioural therapy, the client's personality and situational demands are also assessed as part of their mental health, and not only from distorted thinking or behavioural processes as in traditional CBT.

Who can this help?

People looking for a more individual approach to CBT.

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCBT)

MBCBT is a combination of mindfulness and cognitive therapy. Mindfulness helps people to be in the present moment where they can observe and identify their feelings in a calm state without judgment. Then cognitive therapy can teach them how to change the negative thoughts, emotions and behaviours they have found.   This approach helps people review their thoughts without getting caught up in worries about what happened in the past, or what may happen in the future. MBCT encourages clarity of thought whilst providing the tools needed to help the client let go of unhelpful patterns that can contribute to mental health distress. 

Who can this help?

People with a history of depression who are looking for help to avoid relapsing. It can also be helpful for anxiety and addiction problems. MBCT has also been shown to be helpful for people with physical health conditions and associated depression. 

Mindfulness/ Mindfulness Based Therapies

Rooted in Buddhist and Hindu teachings to achieve peace of mind, mindfulness is a state of complete awareness and acceptance of the present moment. In this state, a person can observe thoughts, feelings and physical sensations without judging them as negative or positive, or trying to change them in any way.   Mindfulness has now integrated into Western psychotherapy modalities such as Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.

Who can this help?

Mindfulness used in mindfulness-based therapies can reduce and protect against stress, anxiety, depression, rejection, social isolation or pain, and simply help people to lower stress levels and relax. Anyone can practice mindfulness to help them to be at peace with, and enjoy the world around them more.

Person Centred Therapy

Person-centred psychotherapy is an approach that places the client as the expert in their treatment rather than the psychotherapist. The psychotherapist’s role is to facilitate the personal growth of the patient upholding the belief that the patient is the best authority for solving their own problems. By harnessing their individual strengths and inner resources, and separating themselves from conditioned notions of how they “should” be based on the ideals of others, the therapist guides the client to “self-actualise” and fulfil their own true potential.  Mindfulness has now integrated into Western psychotherapy modalities such as Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.

Who can this help?

Person-centred psychotherapy and counselling can be good for clients who would like to address specific psychological habits or patterns of thinking, but it is effective for people to address a wide range of issues. Clients who prefer to set the pace without assessment may prefer this type of treatment. The non-direct style of person-centred counselling is thought to be more beneficial to those who have a strong urge to explore themselves and their feelings.

Psychoanalytic Therapies

Psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies explore unconscious thoughts and perceptions developed throughout childhood, and how they may affect current behaviour, thoughts and feelings.  This field of therapy was developed to uncover thoughts from early childhood that were considered “unacceptable” and therefore repressed. However, these then surface as conflicts and can manifest as mental health disorders. Unlike other, more “brief” (see definition) forms of therapy, psychoanalytic therapies aim to help create deep-rooted change in emotional development. This helps people to understand and resolve problems by increasing awareness of the inner self and how this can influence relationships.

Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis aims to bring problems from the unconscious into the client’s conscious awareness. Techniques such as “free association” are used where the client says whatever comes to mind, regardless of coherence or content and the therapist will interpret it. When the problems have been identified as the cause for current emotional and behavioural disturbances, the therapist then helps the client to change them.  The relationship between the therapist and the client is important as the therapist has an important influence over the client’s unconscious ways of behaving. The relationship itself becomes an area of focus as patterns of thought and behaviour that develop between therapist and client can be useful insights into the client’s real life. 

Who can this help?

Commitment to regular sessions is needed with an aim to make big changes in relating to the self, others and the outside world.  Anyone can practice mindfulness to help them to be at peace with, and enjoy the world around them more.

Psychodynamic Therapy/ Dynamic Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic psychotherapy was developed from psychoanalysis as a method to bring the subconscious mind into the conscious in order to bring deep feelings to the fore and resolve them. The relationship between client and therapist is important, however it is less intensive than psychoanalysis (see psychoanalysis) and focuses more on immediate problems and quicker solutions.  The psychodynamic therapist believes that unravelling early experiences and ongoing thought and behavioural patterns through talking about their past relationships helps to alleviate tension from the mind. Once the client becomes conscious of these problems, they no longer need to act them out in the present.  

Who can this help?

Primarily used to treat depression, It can be helpful for people with a range of mental health issues and for those who want to make significant changes to how they make decisions, interact with others, and find meaning in their lives. 

Attachment Based Psychotherapy

Attachment based psychotherapy explores how the client’s past forms of emotional attachment continue to influence their present behaviour and relationships. This approach unravels repetitive negative patterns, either conscious or unconscious, by talking through early childhood attachments from birth onwards.  The psychotherapist develops an attachment-based relationship with the client to support them as they look back into problematic early attachments to help them understand how they may still be impacting the client today. From here they can work out how to promote healthful changes in the client’s life. 

Who can this help?

This method of relational psychoanalysis can help those who struggle in relationships, whether they are at home with their family, at work with their boss or colleagues, or in their social life.

Psychodrama

Psychodrama, often uses groups of people but can also be employed for individuals or couples. It is a psychotherapeutic approach that combines the principles of creativity and spontaneity to explore the psychological issues of the protagonist through dramatic action methods, such as role play, or looking at group dynamics.  The psychotherapist will create a safe space for the cognitive, emotional, and behavioural responses of the person, or people, in treatment to be evoked where they can be experienced and understood with the support of the therapist and perhaps the group.  This approach can help people develop their use of language and actions to achieve new, helpful perspectives on their roles in life, their interpersonal relationships, and see potential challenges in their past, present or future. Through creativity, the significance and meaning of events can become clearer and a better future can be imagined for the client/s. 

Who can this help?

If the client is comfortable on the stage area and able to participate in role play and dramatic methods, then the majority of mental health issues can be addressed in psychodrama. 

Humanistic Therapies

Humanistic therapies focus on self-development, growth and responsibilities. They seek to help individuals recognise their strengths, creativity and choice in the 'here and now'.

Transactional Analysis (TA)

Transactional analysis is an integrative psychotherapeutic approach that involves using a framework for analysing the behavioural styles and relationships between people, either individually, or in a group. The TA therapist will observe the client’s interpersonal “transactions” based on the theory of three “ego states” - Parent, Adult and Child. By creating awareness of old, unhelpful patterns of behaviour, they can then help the client alleviate them and improve their communication and the way they relate to people.  

Who can this help?

Transactional analysis can help people have a better relationship with themselves and others. For example, it can be useful for people experiencing emotional and relationship difficulties that may develop as a result of chronic health challenges. It can also be useful in educational settings and for adults and children alike. 

Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP)

Neuro-Linguistic Psychotherapy is a psychotherapeutic method based on the premise that we construct our own unique model of reality based on how we internally represent our experiences and create our own “map” of the world which we use to navigate through life. “Modelling” on an adept person’s behaviour and language structure is the key method of NLP whereby the therapist teaches the client how to re-organise their thinking, feeling, language and behaviour to produce the results of the model.  By enhancing a person’s existing skill base, NLP helps people to overcome limiting beliefs, make better decisions, move on from stagnant situations, and generate resources awarding them better ability to achieve what they want from life.

Who can this help?

Many people with a wide range of mental health issues can be helped with NLP. It is also widely used for personal development and for success in business. 

Eclectic Therapy

An eclectic therapist selects one or more tools from a variety of psychotherapeutic modalities in their treatment repertoire. The client is assessed based on their individuality and the therapist then customises their treatment in order to harness the most effective psychotherapeutic tools for treating the client’s mental health issues. During eclectic therapy sessions, also called “multi-modal” therapy, the client may try a variety of methods before they find their suitable treatment protocol.  Eclectic therapy is flexible and less structured than more traditional approaches. This makes way for a more unique individual perspective on the client rather than basing treatment on universal behaviour patterns.

Who can this help?

Eclectic therapists treat the majority of mental health issues. This style of treatment can be used for an individual, a couple or in a group. 

Integrative Psychotherapy

Integrative therapy combines different tools from different therapeutic methods to tailor the client’s treatment based on their individual needs. Where the eclectic therapist selects a suitable method from their repertoire, the integrative therapists integrates psychological theories to create a completely unique therapeutic process. It is also a very flexible and less traditional form of therapy with the client leading the therapist towards the most suitable treatment for them.  Integrative therapy aims to be totally inclusive of the client’s individual characteristics, gender, sexuality, physical ability, spiritual beliefs, and any other factors in their identity in order to fill in any gaps traditional treatment might miss.

Who can this help?

This style of psychotherapy will suit clients who would like to be more active in their treatment, and are happy to try a more unstructured approach. It is helpful for a wide range of mental health issues, and can also be useful in couple or group therapy. 

Hypnosis / Hypnotherapy/ Hypno-Psychotherapy

Being in a state of hypnosis is to be in a naturally occurring state of altered awareness, or “trance,” in which a person is susceptible to new perspectives. Hypnotherapy uses this state of awareness to positively influence a person’s thought patterns, emotions and behaviour. It can be used on its own to help a person to relax, or it may be integrated into other forms of psychotherapy such as CBT, NLP, psychodynamic or mindfulness therapies where it is referred to as hypno-psychotherapy. 

Who can this help?

It can be used for particular issues such as pain management, stress-related health concerns, breaking unwanted habits and improving confidence. It can also be used for more long term, complex psychological issues by modifying a client’s thought processes and encourage positive personal development. 

Couples Psychotherapy / Relationship Counselling

Couples psychotherapists can employ a range of therapeutic methods to help clients learn and practice effective communication, and resolve conflicts between them. This can be done to solve particular problems within a relationship, to make the relationship more healthy and satisfying, to maintain a good relationship, or even to end a relationship in the least painful way possible.

Who would benefit from this type of therapy?

Clients experiencing any kind of relationship problems, from constant bickering to infidelities, to drifting apart. Sometimes couples keen to preserve their good relationship and avoid future crises might also like to conduct sessions with a therapist.

Group Psychotherapy

During group therapy the psychotherapist works with a small group of clients together. This can be a way to reduce the cost of sessions for the client, but it also has other therapeutic benefits such as group support, shared experiences from group members, and valuable opportunities to address interpersonal interactions in motion.  A range of modalities are used in group sessions such as talking, psychodrama (see definition) or movement and body work. The interactions that occur during the group sessions, reflecting those in “real life”, involve the past experiences of the participants and therapist, and lead the therapeutic process of generating new and positive outcomes in the clients’ lives.

Who can this help?

Group therapy is often cheaper for individuals to attend than one-to-one sessions. It may suit clients of are seeking help without an intense focus on themselves during therapy, wanting to decide on how much they participate as they go along. It may also be useful for people who benefit from relating to others, are feeling isolated or would like help interacting with other people. 

Creative Therapies

Art Therapy

To the art therapist, art is considered an outer expression of our inner emotions. During this form of psychotherapy clients combine talking therapy with the use of art media such as paint, chalk, and even sculpture to express themselves.  The art psychotherapist has a comprehensive understanding of the emotional attributes associated with each art material and interprets the client’s art as insights into their perceptions of reality. Art is not a diagnostic tool, but a medium to address emotional issues that are difficult, confusing and distressing to express through words alone.

Who can this help?

People who have difficulty expressing themselves verbally may find this particularly useful. This can be anyone from refugees and other victims of trauma, to people with learning difficulties or life-limiting conditions. Clients do not need prior experience or skill with art.

Music Therapy

Music therapy harnesses the powerful effects that music has on the mind. People’s connection to music can influence their mood, attitude, and overall wellbeing. In music therapy the therapist encourages the client to listen to music, or create music using instruments, or singing. They may even suggest movement to the music. Many emotions can be explored whilst listening to music as different styles can effect how people feel in different ways. The aim of music therapy is to find the music that is helpful to the client through live musical interaction during the sessions. 

Who can this help?

Someone looking for help with their confidence and communication skills, improve their self awareness and focus, changing a negative mindset, and those who believe in the power of music and enjoy listening to it, or creating it.  It can also support people with more serious mental health concerns. 

Narrative Therapy

Narrative therapy is based on the idea that people are the tellers of their own life stories and that they understand their experiences through story telling. By changing the story of their lives the narrative therapist believes people’s identities can be re-shaped by the stories they tell about themselves. When someone’s key narrative focuses on their problems the problem then becomes a key part of that person’s identity. Narrative therapy helps people to see their lives as more than the problems, and can “re-author” new meanings from past events to reimagine a positive future. 

Who can this help?

This type of therapy may be useful for people who enjoy expressing themselves creatively and are keen to try a newer and less traditional style of therapy. 

Mentalisation Based Therapy (MBT)

Mentalisation-Based Therapy draws on several psychotherapeutic approaches to help people develop their “Mentalising” ability i.e. to be able to focus on and differentiate between your own emotional state of mind and that of others, improve emotional regulation, and understand how mental state influences behaviour.

Who can this help?

People who have been given the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder and other mental health issues such as antisocial personality, addiction, eating disorders, and depression, even when other treatments have been unsuccessful. 

Unsure of what to go for?

If you're unsure of the right therapy style for you, leave it to the experts! Select a therapist based on their video and profile and explore your options in a safe pair of hands. Remember, you don't have to do any of this alone.